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中国汽车行业将迎来第二春
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  从一大早开始,张财(化名)就在忙碌着修理一辆已经被撞得变形的奥迪A4L,他的衣服上和双手都沾上了油污。
  “别看钣金工师傅的穿着,他们收入还是不错的,基本上是收入最高的维修工种,月收入基本都在1万元以上。钣金工师傅的收入主要看基本工资和绩效,包括店里是否忙碌、修理的事故车是否需要技术含量的工序。” 上海东昌奥迪金桥店服务总监竺先生告诉《第一财经日报》记者。
  钣金工平时工作中接触的主要是事故车。面目全非的事故车经过钣金工师傅的维修,外壳可以恢复到原状,并且技术指标同时符合出厂要求。修理一辆宝马、奥迪等豪华车所需要的工艺已经和过去修理老桑塔纳的工艺不一样了,修理这些豪华车的工艺设备都是全进口的,说明书大多是英文或者德文,钣金工看不懂如何使用,需要自己查资料。
  竺先生告诉记者:“高级钣金工的文化程度并不高,他们大多只是中专毕业,甚至有的高中都没有读完,这个工种需要的是经验丰富的人才,至少需要10年工作经验。”
  能做到高级技工的人,都要经过好多年的经验积累,一个级别一个级别地往上走,技术才日渐成熟。而现状是很多技术工人在一线坚持不下来,大多半途而废,成不了高级技能人才。
  钣金工是有点技术含量同时也是有危险性的工种,从学徒到学出师需要很长时间。“现在4S店里面的钣金工师傅主要以外地人为主,另外80后、90后的青年都不愿意学,认为工作太辛苦。”竺总监告诉记者。
  北京一家宝马店服务总监王华告诉记者,高级钣金工月收入1万元在北京的豪华品牌4S店里非常普遍。“在去年北京限牌之前,高级钣金工的月收入最起码有1.2万~1.5万元,不过限牌后,维修工的收入开始走下坡路,因为新车销售得少了,置换的车型也少了,4S店面临着老客户流失、新客户不进来的风险,修理的车少了,维修工的工作量就下降了,收入下降就不可避免。不过再低,高级钣金工的收入也要1万元左右。”王华告诉记者。
  “钣金工是一家4S店必备的工种,尤其是熟练的钣金工,否则就有可能经常遭遇客户投诉,并且面临客户流失的风险。现在很多汽车厂商也要求4S店建店初就报备高级钣金工名额,一般一家4S店至少配备1~2个高级钣金工,所以,中端品牌的高级钣金工和豪华品牌的高级钣金工收入相差不大。”王华告诉记者。
  高级钣金工收入降不下来的原因是供应不足,4S店的扩张也加剧了对高级钣金工的需求。以捷豹路虎品牌为例,不到2年时间,在华经销店从40多家扩张到当前的130家,奔驰、宝马等豪华品牌也在过去两年期间加速扩网。5月份,庞大集团发布公告,将和新星公司合作投建12家奔驰店。据庞大集团董事长庞庆华讲,庞大集团将投建40家奔驰店。
  4S店网点的急剧增加也面临着不仅高级钣金工而且其他维修工种供应不足的尴尬。
  其实,不仅4S店面临维修技工不足,汽车厂商也招不到熟练的工人。中国汽车产销量在短短10多年间的年复合增长率超过30%的增长,中国成为全球第一大汽车销售市场,但是无论是销售还是技术人才的储备并没有做好准备。



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